Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) occurs when leg veins are damaged, hindering proper blood flow. Normally, these valves ensure blood flows toward the heart, but when damaged, they fail to close properly, causing blood to flow backward, known as venous reflux, rather than upward toward the heart. Due to the increased pressure, over time, CVI can significantly impact quality of life and lead to serious complications.

• Slowing blood flow to the heart from the legs
• Bursting capillaries in the legs
• Causing reddish-brown discoloration of the skin
• Increasing susceptibility to skin breakage
• Inducing tissue inflammation and damage
• Leading to venous stasis ulcers

• Achy or tired legs
• Burning, tingling, or “pins and needles” sensations in the legs
• Nighttime leg cramps and Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
• Reddish-brown skin discoloration
• Leg and ankle swelling, especially after prolonged standing
• Flaking or itching skin on the legs or feet
• Full or heavy feeling in the legs
• Leathery sensation in the legs
• Presence of ulcers near the ankles, potentially infected and painful
• Varicose veins and spider veins

Signs of CVI